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 Post subject: IEEE1584 - Equipment Class
PostPosted: Mon Nov 03, 2014 11:21 am 

Joined: Wed Oct 29, 2014 7:11 am
Posts: 4
Hello,

Can someone please give me some clarity regarding equipment class as recognized by IEEE 1584? What are some examples of "open air" and "cable bus" equipment? Just want to make sure I understand the parameters for the equations.

Thanks.
SP


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 Post subject: Re: IEEE1584 - Equipment Class
PostPosted: Tue Nov 11, 2014 6:48 pm 
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Location: North Carolina
SpeedRacer wrote:
Hello,

Can someone please give me some clarity regarding equipment class as recognized by IEEE 1584? What are some examples of "open air" and "cable bus" equipment? Just want to make sure I understand the parameters for the equations.

Thanks.
SP


Just what it says. Open air would be cables on the ground, suspended, or even open style cable tray. Anywhere that is not an enclosure. Cable bus is plug in bus, troughs, conduit bodies. Really though the terms come from the size of the test enclosures. You have to look at the raw data and test procedures. The terms in the table are supposed to help clarify what would otherwise just be enclosure dimensions.


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 Post subject: Re: IEEE1584 - Equipment Class
PostPosted: Tue Nov 21, 2017 1:55 pm 

Joined: Wed Nov 01, 2017 6:09 am
Posts: 27
I have an similar question. How to distinguish between MCC/panel and switchboard(low voltage) as I understand it is the geometry that relates to small and large box testing.
But in the real world it might not be so easy. Does any one have any good rules of thumb to help a new beginner.
Is MCC considered a more conservative choice? I looks like this gives more energy but a lower safety distance.
I know on large industrial company use MCC for all Low voltage switchboards. But that might not be correct though....

Hope anyone can help :)


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 Post subject: Re: IEEE1584 - Equipment Class
PostPosted: Wed Nov 22, 2017 4:12 pm 
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This is a fundamentally difficult problem that the IEEE 1584 committee is struggling with, too.

There were just 3 different size enclosures used in the original 2002 data set. With so few geometries you can't realistically expect to do much with this.

Overall if you look at the table, there are three parameters that come out of the box model: default working distance, default bus gap, and exponent. In terms of how these affect your results, the larger the bus gap, the greater the incident energy. Although this is an empirical model, the longer the the arc length, the higher the amount of thermal energy emitted. From the formula, both arcing current and incident energy increase exponentially with bus gap but the overall impact is relatively small.

In terms of the exponent, open air equipment incident energy falls off at an inverse squared rate. So doubling distance cuts incident energy by a factor of 4. As the equipment gets to be deeper and has more of a tendency to "focus" the arc, the exponent is reduced so that with medium voltage (1-15 kV) gear it is nearly linear. Doubling the distance doesn't quite reduce the incident energy by a like amount or only just slightly more than half. So this tends to as you put it, push the arc flash boundary out a lot further. This is not realistic but it's what you get with an empirical model.

Hand in hand with that, the working distance is also increased with larger equipment so that has a tendency to reduce incident energy but not enough to overcome the increases due to the "focusing" effect.


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